Childhood in Numbers

This section of the website presents change-in-time data about children in Brazil that is critical for understanding their condition. The data come from the most recent censuses 2000 and 2010, and the most recent annual, federal household survey, 2014, with a comparison to the 2004 household survey.

To access the data directly, go to Data: tables 2004 - 2014, tables 2000 - 2010 and graphs.
CIESPI considers the use of all kinds of data vital to understanding the condition of children and youth in Brazil. Data are also critical to assist the formulation of policies which will better allow those young people to fully develop their capacities. For these reasons we are pleased to present an updated data resource with a set of indicators on children in Brazil showing changes over ten years in the well-being of these young people.

Demographic data on the condition of children, youth and their families are key contextual information for analyzing how to improve public policies aimed at those populations. Such data point out the scale of problems and the particular groups of children, youth, and families most affected by particular issues. When we compare such data over e.g. a ten year period we get important feedback about the areas in which conditions have improved and the areas still needing urgent attention. Such data is important to the interested public, the media, public servants, elected officials and other policy makers, the private sector, non-profit organizations, researchers, and students.

In the past, useful demographic data have been difficult to obtain. But several years ago, the Department of Economics at the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro developed software called datazoom which in conjunction with the statistical software Stata greatly simplified the process of obtaining specific data from such sources as the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the Brazilian Census Bureau.

CIESPI is working in partnership with the Economics Department to produce change over time data for key indicators of the well-being of children aged 0-8 in Brazil. In this updated section, there are data taken from the 2000 and 2010 Brazilian censuses and from the Census Bureau´s ongoing Brazilian National Household Survey (PNAD). Both data sets are collected and published by IBGE. The Census, which attempts to count everyone every ten years, has the advantage of permitting more detailed analyses. The Household Survey, which surveys a much smaller number of respondents in such a way as to maximize the probability of being representative of everyone, has the advantage of recency and is based on a sample of the population each year.

As we learn from the data ourselves, we will also provide brief bulletins on how the data illuminate key issues in public policies for young populations in Brazil. In short order, we will extend the project to include data on young people up to 18 years of age. Several bulletins based on the data are already available on this website.